CNBC Daily Open: Powell has spoken: Higher rates and faster hikes are on the table


Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell testifies before the Senate Banking Committee March 7, 2023 in Washington, DC.

Win Mcnamee | Getty Images News | Getty Images

This report is from today’s CNBC Daily Open, our new, international markets newsletter. CNBC Daily Open brings investors up to speed on everything they need to know, no matter where they are. Like what you see? You can subscribe here.

Powell has spoken: Higher rates and faster hikes are on the table.

What you need to know today

  • Interest rates are “likely to be higher than previously anticipated” because of stronger-than-expected economic data, Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell told Congress.
  • BlackRock said that European companies had a good earnings season — and are better value than U.S. firms. “Europe is the only region globally where 2024 earnings revisions are just back in positive territory,” the investment firm said.
  • Meta is reportedly planning another round of job cuts that could affect thousands of employees. The cuts could start this week and follow a mass layoff of 11,000 workers last November.
  • PRO Powell is reopening the door to raising rates by half a percentage point, said Morgan Stanley economists. They are watching this key economic data for more hints on the Fed’s future moves.

The bottom line

There’s no need to speculate anymore — in the first of his Congressional hearings, Powell said outright that the Fed might raise interest rates higher and faster than officials had projected last year. His exact words: “The latest economic data have come in stronger than expected, which suggests that the ultimate level of interest rates is likely to be higher than previously anticipated … we would be prepared to increase the pace of rate hikes.” This means that rates could not only go beyond 5.25%, but the Fed could also return to 50-basis-point hikes.

Fed Chair Powell says interest rates are 'likely to go higher' than anticipated

Markets didn’t like it. The Dow Jones Industrial Average shed 1.72%, the S&P 500 dropped 1.53% and the Nasdaq Composite lost 1.25%. There are some important statistics here: the Dow is now 0.9% below what it was at the start of the year, and the S&P, while still up 3.8%, closed below the psychological 4,000 level, suggesting that investors could get spooked further. Indeed, bank shares, which tend to be a bellwether for investors’ sentiment about the economy, led losses. Wells Fargo dropped 4.68% while Bank of America, Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan Chase lost about 3% each. U.S. Treasury yields jumped even more than they had in the past week. The yield on four notes — the 3-month, 6-month, 1-year and 2-year — breached 5%.

But not everyone is convinced that monetary policy will tighten faster. “I do not think the Fed goes 50 bps at any of the remaining rate hike meetings at this point after already slowing the pace and will continue on with 25 bps until it finally stops,” wrote Peter Boockvar of Bleakley Financial Group — though he admitted he could only come to this calm conclusion after taking an Advil. While I’m not recommending everyone have an Advil, it’s good sense to take a breather and wait until the February jobs report is released on Friday before making any snap decisions.

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